What Do You Know About Migraine Attacks? 

 

Have you ever thought the words Migraine and headache were synonyms? Contrary to what you may have learned, Migraine attacks are not limited to the excruciating pain one feels in their head. In fact, one does not need to experience a headache to have a migraine attack. Migraine Disease attacks different parts of the nervous system. Below, learn about some of the various ways Migraine attacks can manifest 

 

5 Things You May Not Have Known About Migraine Attacks

  1. There Are Three (3) to four (4) stages which make up a Migraine attack depending on the type of Migraine. 
  2. symptoms can differ from attack to attack within the same individual. 
  3. An individual with Migraine Disease does NOT need to have unilateral (pain on one side of the head) nausea, or vomiting to have Migraine Disease. These are just some of the criteria to make a diagnosis. 
  4. Migraine Disease is a spectrum. Some individuals have Migraine attacks very frequently where others may have very infrequent attacks impacting them as often as a few times a year.
  5.  There is NO CURE for Migraine Disease at this time ONLY treatments to decrease the frequency and severity of attacks.

 

 

Stage 1: Prodrome  (Promonetory Phase)

The premonitory phase occurs hours to days before what we commonly think of as “Migraine” however, the premonitory phase is the start of a migraine attack. We are still acquiring knowledge of the premonitory phase, but we know many symptoms occur during this phase. At this time, the premonitory phase can only serve as a warning a migraine attack has started. There is no treatment for this stage of a migraine attack. If one can learn their symptoms of this stage, they can plan for when a migraine attack comes and hopefully abort in time.
Common symptoms include
A. increased yawning
B. increased urination
C. food cravings
D. tiredness
E. confusion

Stage 2 Aura

The second phase is aura. Not every individual with Migraine will experience aura. Many individuals believe aura is visual, but aura impacts all of the senses. Additionally, aura may manifest as a motor or cognitive symptom. One with Migraine with aura may have any of the following types of aura.
A. visual specifically a change in vision that grows over a period of 5 to 20 minutes.
B. numbness or tingling in particular numbness in the face and tongue and may also occur on one side of the body such as one arm or leg.
C. balance or coordination problems
D. Language aura in particular understanding or expressing language

Stage 3 Headache and Associated Symptoms 

The attack is what many believe to be the migraine experience, however, an attack really starts at the premonitory stage. Individuals may or may not experience head pain during this part of an attack. Some symptoms during this stage may include:
A. head pain
B. nausea and or vomiting
C. sensitivity to light, sound, and in some cases touch
D. dizziness
E. allodynia extreme sensitivity to touch (sensations that should not be painful are painful)

Stage 4 Postdrome

Postdrome is the final stage of a migraine attack. Individuals often feel a number of symptoms as the attack subsides.
A. fatigue
B. confusion
C. weakness
D. tension in the head

This Migraine attack is representative of four stages. This attack include the prodrome, aura, headache and headache and associated symptoms such as hyper-responsiveness, nausea, vomiting, or allodynia, and postdrome.

This Migraine attack is made up of three stages which include the postdrome stage, eadache and associated symptoms, and postdrome.

 

This Migraine attack is made up of three stages which include the prodrome. Aura, and postdrome.  

Migraine attacks hae three (3) to four (4) stages. However, sometimes stages overlap and an individual may experience a complication referred to as status migrainosus which in basic terms means a migraine attack has failed to respond to treatments and has lasted for a period that goes beyond 72 hours

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